If you are a developer or your company needs to perform a development for mobile devices, the first idea that comes to your mind is: Native or hybrid development?

We know that developing native applications leads to a higher production cost and likewise the learning curve is much higher. Due to these limitations, we have an alternative: Hybrid and web mobile applications.

Differences between hybrid, web and native applications.

The hybrid application development is a programming approach for mobile devices that combines the strengths of native programming with other technologies (such as web technologies or a programming language different from that of the platform) to develop cross-platform applications that run natively on Android and IOS.

The mobile web development is basically the development of common web applications, but optimized for be viewed from a mobile device. Therefore, these applications are executed through the browser of the device.

On the other hand, the native applications are those that use the specific language of each platform. For example, Java or Kotlin for Android and Objective-C or Swift for IOS.

Currently we have many tools that facilitate the development of hybrid mobile applications and web. Each one with its respective advantages and disadvantages. Some of the best known: PhoneGap , Xamarin or Titanium .

Keep in mind that Not all frameworks are equally versatile. It will depend on many factors to opt for one that suits our needs.

Suppose that in our development team, we have mostly web developers. In this case, PhoneGap could seem the ideal option, since it would allow us to realize hybrid mobile applications using web technologies such as HTML, CSS and Javascript.

However, we must bear in mind that, the result of an application made in PhoneGap, is not more than a web application adapted to the mobile device. Therefore, the performance can vary greatly according to the device, since it depends entirely on the mobile browser. However, it is still a viable option, because the cost of production is very low compared to native developments.

On the other hand, we have Xamarin and Titanium, which They can place at an intermediate point between native and hybrid. These technologies are based on developing applications using high level languages ​​(C # and Javascript respectively) to later translate this code to a native code of the platform in question.

The main advantage of these technologies is, if you are a C # or Javascript developer, you can use your knowledge to develop robust applications, without having to learn the language that each platform uses. However, Xamarin and Titanium also have their disadvantages. The main one is that we can not compare the performance of a native application with one developed in Xamarin or Titanium. However, its performance is very acceptable.

So is it recommended to develop hybrid mobile or web applications?

Of course I do. However, it is necessary to ask some questions, to determine if it is the most viable option for us.

For example, suppose that our application will not be so robust and that we will not allocate a large budget , then a web application might seem the most feasible option. Since its cost of produwill be much smaller and we will be able to use it on all devices. The problem is that if we require access to hardware functions (Camera, GPS, Accelerometer) some external components are required. Also, when implementing push notifications or alerts. What could raise the complexity of the project. & Nbsp;

In the case that we opt for technologies such as Xamarin or Titanium, they can be considered as good alternatives. Since just like in web applications with PhoneGap, we only need to write our code once and we can compile it in different platforms. A highly recommended option is that we can package all our business logic in class libraries, which will be developed in the framework language, and then only focus on the specific details of each platform. & Nbsp;